Are You At a Risk of Developing Glaucoma?

Are You At a Risk of Developing Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a serious eye health condition which tends to damage the optic nerve of eye thereby causing loss of vision and sometimes, blindness. The earlier this condition is diagnosed, the greater are the chances of protecting the person’s vision.

Optic nerve of the eye is a bunch of more than a million nerve fibers. The role of this nerve is to connect the retina of the eye to the brain. Retina is a tissue which is present at the back of the eye and is photo-sensitive in nature. The health of optic nerve is important to have a clear vision.

How is Optic Nerve Damaged in Open-Angle Glaucoma?

Various studies performed in this regard have shown that optic nerve is generally damaged due to eye pressure. Towards the front section of the eye, there is a space called anterior chamber. A liquid which is transparent in nature continuously flows in and out of the chamber in order to provide nourishment to the tissues. The cornea and iris meet at a particular angle from where this fluid takes its exit from the eye. In order to get drained from the eye, this liquid has to pass through a mesh.

In open-angle glaucoma, the angle through which the liquid drains from the eye is open but the drainage is slow in nature. This exerts pressure on optic nerve which might get damaged. If this increased pressure causes damage to the eye, then it is called open-angle glaucoma. This type of glaucoma often results in vision loss. It is for this reason that maintaining proper pressure within the eye is important. High blood pressure is also known to cause damage to the optic nerve. So, maintaining proper blood pressure is but a mandate for good eye health.

Will Increased Eye Pressure Certainly Lead to Glaucoma?

It is not always necessary that increased eye pressure will lead to glaucoma. Few people have higher tolerance of eye pressure as compared to others. In order words, the same level of eye pressure can be normal for some while high for others.

Whether your eye develops glaucoma or not is solely related to the level of pressure your optic nerve can tolerate before it gets damaged. Since eye pressure is different for different people, it is important to get a comprehensive eye examination done with dilated eye in order to find out the normal eye pressure for your vision.

Is It Possible to Develop Glaucoma without High Eye Pressure?

Yes, that’s very much possible. The type of glaucoma which is developed without high eye pressure is termed as low-tension or normal-tension glaucoma and is considered as a type of open-angle glaucoma.

Are You At a Risk of Developing Glaucoma?

You might be at a risk of developing Glaucoma of the eye if:

You are over 60 years of age
You have a family history of glaucoma
You experience too high blood pressure

But nobody knows for certain which is why a detailed dilated eye examination by an expert eye professional is important to diagnose the condition before it turns into an unpreventable problem.