Difference between Linux and Windows

Difference between Linux and Windows


Windows or Linux? Which operating system is more secure and better protects your privacy? These questions have been frequently raised by many technology professionals and home users over the past decade. Each operating system (OS) has its own place within an enterprise and at home.

If you are looking for a widely accepted standard with myriad of self-support options, and you are comfortable using Windows desktop operating system, then any one would stick to Windows for home use. Linux is definitely not ready to completely overtake Windows desktop; however, the play field may level in the near future if the community becomes ready to invest in Research and Development.

If you would like to become more familiar with the Linux operating system, have a look at Ubuntu’s Linux distribution. They offer an easy option of downloading and running an entire operating system from a bootable Compact Disk without installing it on the hard-drive. Linux OS is not as popular considering the number of installations worldwide, however, some IT professionals choose Linux over Windows as their enterprise platform, and/or as a middleware/security appliance environment.

At present, many open-source vendors offer great paid support options as a subscription. If you consider the return on investment (ROI), you can say that Windows based environment requires less administration, and therefore resources to support it and the support skills are more common and are easier to find. Strong Linux administrators and support professionals are often more difficult to find and train.

As far as security is concerned, the most common misconception is that Windows OS is less secure that for example Linux. Considering that majority of personal computers worldwide are powered by the Windows OS and Microsoft Windows is getting more attention by both hackers, and media, while an open-source Linux remains behind the scenes with fewer installs.

If you like the idea of using Linux, and other open-source applications as Windows alternative; however, they are not yet ready to completely replace Windows PC, and Windows Server platforms. When it comes to information security, one of the best ways to protect your information using either Windows or Linux is to ensure that you have good antivirus and anti spyware solution installed and operational on your PC.

Linux uses a single hierarchical directory system. Everything in Linux begins in the root directory which is the “/” and drives will be labeled /dev/sda, /dev/sdb, etc. Windows, on the other hand, uses a multiple hierarchical directory system that depends upon the amount of drives in the system. When Windows boots, each drive will be assigned a letter which serves as a root.

So in a Windows system that contains three drives there will be three roots (such as A:, E:, and F:). In a Linux system only one drive will hold the root directory. If other drives are mounted on that same system they will be mounted in /media/. But even if you have multiple drives on a Linux system, you will only have one root directory. The differences certainly do not end there, but for the sake of length.

Security is another area that will be hotly debated until the end of the operating system as we know it. Whether driven by market share, hatred, or vulnerability Windows simply has far more weaknesses than Linux. One of the primary differences is the root access metaphor. In order to do any serious damage to the Linux system one has to have access to the root user, which means the root password. Without that password, you’re not getting very far.

This does not mean there are not exploits to, say, Sendmail or Apache or MySQL. Another major difference is when a vulnerability or a bug is found the development community of the affected software is typically very fast at plugging the hole. Microsoft has a proven track record of taking far too long to patch similar holes.

In Linux each user will have a home directory and all his files will be save under it while in windows the user saves his files anywhere in the drive. This makes difficult to have backup for his contents. In Linux its easy to have backup’s.