Folic Acid During Pregnancy
The importance of folic acid during pregnancy
Folic acid or folate is a synthetic form of vitamin B9. It is referred as the pregnancy superhero. Every women should consume folic acid before and after they get pregnant. It is found in fortified foods and supplements.
Folic acid is usually utilized by the body to produce new cells and nucleic acid. Folic is an essential vitamin for the growth and development of the baby . It also helps in specific functions such as producing red blood cells, protecting the child’s ability to hear and supporting the baby’s organ development.
It is recommended dose of folic acid by Experts is 400mcg along with prenatal vitamins every day before 3 months of pregnancy, 400mcg during first 3 months or trimester, 600mcg for four to nine montha and 500mcg after delivery, while breastfeeding.
The folic acid deficiency symptoms include diarrhea, anemia, loss of appetite, weight loss, weakness, a sore tongue, headaches, heart palpitations and irritability.
If the deficiency is mild, you may not notice any symptoms at all, but you won’t be getting the optimal amount of folic acid for your baby’s early embryonic development.
Reasons to increase the folic acid intake during pregnancy
Folic acid prevents neural tube defects. It helps in the fetus neural development. The neural tube later grows into the brain and spinal cord of the baby. Folic acid protects it to prevent any prenatal defects during the early formation of the central nervous system.
Folate or folic acid deficiency may lead to miscarriage. Folic acid is required for the fetus development and When a fetus doesn’t develop properly, there are many chances of the woman losing the baby.
Growth of Placenta
Folic acid helps in the growth of Placenta. If the placenta doesn’t grow properly, it can’t transfer nutrients from the mother to the fetus, which may result in nutrient deficiency and a number of other potential problems. Intake of Folic acid during pregnancy also helps in the production and functioning of our DNA, which is the blueprint for all of our development.
Consuming enough folic acid during pregnancy, can lower the risk of preeclampsia-a condition that involves heightened blood pressure, protein in the urine, and a direct threat to the health of your baby. While it is often masked by the symptoms of hypertension, preeclampsia can be dangerous for both the mother and the baby.
Produces red blood cells
Anemia is the common complaint in pregnant women. Folate or folic acid is vital during pregnancy as it enhances the production of red blood cells in your body. Folic acid ensures that the red blood cell (RBC) count in your body is normal even when you take other supplements that could replenish the iron.
Consuming Folic acid or folate during pregnancy lowers the baby’s risk of cleft lip and palate. It also reduces the risk of premature birth, miscarriage, poor baby growth in your womb and low birth weight problems.
so, now you have known about the importance of folic acid before and during pregnancy. Be sure you consume enough folic acid during pregnancy with your doctor advice and have a healthy pregnancy.