Nipah Virus Causes Symptoms And Precautions
Here we will see the causes and symptoms of nipah virus
Nipah virus is a deadly virus and a contagious virus, which was first found in pigs. The virus is transmitted from bats and pigs and also human to human. Nipah virus is transmitted when a person comes direct contact with contaminated bodies.
There is no cure for the Nipah virus. The people who are infected are treated with supportive care.. The infected preson will experience encephalitis, or inflammation of the brain. It takes 5 to 14 days for the symptoms of an infection to start to appear.
The most common symptoms of infection include fever and headaches that are followed by disorientation, drowsiness and confusion. It’s then possible for the symptoms to progress to a coma.
In some cases patients show neurological, respiratory and pulmonary signs as well. The symptoms may last up to 7 to 10 days. Watching out for respiratory illness during the early stages is also a must.
There is no cure for the Nipah virus. The infected people are treated with supportive care, which includes making sure the person stays hydrated, and treating any nausea or vomiting.
During the outbreak in Malaysia, up to 50 per cent of clinically apparent human cases died. There is no specific treatment for Nipah Virus. The primary treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care.
Avoid direct contact with infected pigs, bats and humans. The Health professionals, who are attending to infected patients should take precautionary measures, such as wearing masks and gloves. If you feel uneasiness when in and around an infected region, get yourself tested immediately!
Drinking raw date palm sap bitten by a bat can also cause Nipah Virus, it is safe to stay from consuming date palm for some time.
Hospitals needs to raise awareness about signs and symptoms and transmission of Nipah virus to avoid human-to-human infections in such settings. Early Detection is another issue with NiV and anyone who feels the symptoms should get tested thoroughly from a recognized facility.
For laboratory personnel, Nipah virus is classified internationally as a bio-security level (BSL) 4 agent. BSL 2 facilities are sufficient if the virus can be first inactivated during specimen collection.
In case of animals, wire screens can help prevent contact with bats when pigs are raised in open-sided pig sheds. Run-off from the roof should be prevented from entering pig pens.
As there is no vaccine available for the infection, preventive measures can be a key to control the spread of NIV. As With fruits bats being the primary cause of the infection, the farm animals should be prevented from eating fruit contaminated by bats.
Medical officials who are looking after the patients with suspected or confirmed NiV should take basic precautions like washing hands, using a gown, cap mask and wearing gloves.
Early recognition of infected pigs can help protect other animals and humans. Due to the highly contagious nature of the virus in swine populations, mass culling of seropositive animals may be necessary.
Try to take the necessary precautions to prevent the infection of nipah virus disease transmission and if you see any of the above symptoms contact your doctor immediately