Prostate Cancer Causes and Risk Factors
Prostate cancer is the growth of cancer in the prostate gland in the male reproductive system. It is the most common cancer found in men and it is the second leading cause of cancer death among men in the United States.
It is difficult to determine the Prostate cancer in the early stage as there are no early warning signs. Generally the symptoms of prostate cancer are noticible in the advance stage only.
Prostate cancer is caused due to the blockage caused by the increased growth of the prostate gland. This growth can affect a man’s sexual performance and cause urinary tract difficulties.
It is important that men should have a yearly check-up done in order to catch prostate cancer in the early stages when it can be treated more effectively.
Cancer is caused due to the multiple factors, including genetics and exposure to environmental toxins, like certain chemicals or radiation.
According to researchers there is no exact cause of prostate cancer. It may be caused by changes in the DNA of a normal prostate cell.
The mutations in DNA, or genetic material, leads to the growth of cancerous cells. These mutations cause the cells in the prostate to grow uncontrollably and abnormally. The abnormal or the cancerous cells continue to grow and divide until a tumor develops. If it is an aggressive type of prostate cancer, the cells may metastasize, or leave the original tumor site and spread to other parts of your body.
Some risk factors that may affect the chances of developing prostate cancer are
The family history – Some times the mutatations that cause the prostrate cancer are inherited. If you have a family history of prostate cancer, then you are the increased risk of prostate cancer due to inherited DNA.
Age is the one of the biggest risk factor of developing prostate cancer. It rarely occurs in young people. It mainly effects more in the people above 50 years.
Race and ethnicity is also the one of the cause of prostate cancer. The African-American men are more likely to develop prostate cancer than the Asian-American and Latino men.
Diet rich in red meat and high-fat dairy products may also be a risk factor for prostate cancer. According to some studies the consumption of high-fat milk is related with progression of the cancer. But more research is needed.