Throat Cancer Causes
Throat cancer is the cancer that effects the voice box, the vocal cords, tonsils and oropharynx. Throat cancer is of 2 types – pharyngeal cancer and laryngeal cancer.
60.7 percent of people with laryngeal cancer and 64.5 percent of people with pharyngeal cancer can survive 5 years after diagnosis.
Every type of throat cancer is different. Symptoms depend on the stage and location of the cancer.
The common symptoms include difficulty in swallowing, voice change or hoarseness, sore throat
cough, wheezing, headache, ear pain, swelling of the eyes, jaw, throat, or neck, unexplained weight loss, bleeding in the mouth or nose and neck lumps.
The men has the high risk factors of developing throat cancer. The common risk factors include
Lifestyle habits, smoking, alcohol, poor nutrition, exposure to asbestos, poor dental hygiene,
genetic syndromes, HPV or Human Papillomavirus infection, GERD or Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease and Epstein-Barr virus or EBV.
To reduce the risk of throat cancer stop smoking or use of tobacco, avoid or limit alcohol, maintain a healthy weight, conusme a healthy diet and get vaccinated for HPV
The treatment includes surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.