What is Metastatic Cancer
Metastatic Cancer is term used for the spread of cancer to different parts in the body. Metastatic cancer is
also known as metastasized or metastasis or stage 4 cancer.
Metastases develop when cancer cells break away from the main tumor and enter the bloodstream or lymphatic
Metastatic cancer has the ability to spread in the body. Cancer cells spread locally and regionally to nearby
normal tissues, lymph nodes or organs. And it can spread to distant parts of the body.
Any type of the cancer can spread depends on the factors like the type of cancer, How aggressive or fast
growing it is, how long it is before treatment and some other factors.
Metastatis when tested under a microscope and in other ways, they have features like that of the primary
cancer and not like the cells in the place where the cancer is found.
Generally Metastatic cancer spreads to the bones, brain, liver, lymph nodes and lungs. In some cases doctors
cannot tell where the cancer started. This cancer is called the cancer of unknown primary origin or CUP.
If a primary cancer is caused in a person with a history of cancer, it is called as a second primary cancer,
which is rare. If someone who had cancer has cancer again, it means that the first primary cancer has returned.
Symptoms The common symptoms of metastatic cancer includes headaches, dizziness, shortness of breath, Inflammation,
unhealed pain and fractures, confusion, vision problems and jaundice or inflammation in abdominal area
Once the cancer has spread it is difficult to control. Most of the metastastes can’t be cured, but in some
cases it ca be cured. The treatment can slow down or stop the growth of cancer cells or releive the symptoms.
Somtimes the treatment can prolong the life of the patient.
The treatment depends on the type of primary cancer, the origin of the cancer, the extent of spread of the
cancer, health condition and the age.
The main treatment for metastasis include systemic therapy – a therapy which effects the whole body. It is
done through chemotherapy and other medications like targeted therapy, hormone therapy, and biologic
Or the treatment for the effected area called local therapy. It includes surgery, radiation therapy and some