Causes And Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is the cancer that grows in the cervix. It is most common in the women over 30 years. It is caused in the lower part of the uterus.
Cervical cancer if diagnosed in early stage it can be prevented completely. When undetected or untreated it can be life-threatening.
The most common cause of cervical cancer is HPV or Human Papillomavirus and the other causes include early sexual contact, multiple sexual partners, taking oral contraceptives or birth control pills and cigarette smoking increase the risk of cervical cancer because they lead to greater exposure to HPV.
There may not be any symptoms in the early stage of cervical cancer. The most common symptoms include abnormal or irregular vaginal bleeding other than menstruation, pain during sex, abnormal vaginal discharge, frequent urination, pain during urination, pelvic pain and kidney failure in the advanced stage.
The women between 21 to 65 are recommended the screening by Pap smear test every 3 years. If the abnormal cells are found in pap smear test then colposcopy is performed. If required biopsy is done.
The treatment includes Radiation therapy, Surgery and Chemotherapy.